Hello again, friends! A vexing technical issue derailed The Hortiholic for a while but I'm finally picking up where I left off with my earlier post with Mary Francis Forde, Chalet's resident bird product buyer, discussing what you should know if you're new to bird feeding, And maybe you should read it even if you consider yourself a veteran birder.
|Cole's has a range of seeds to attract, or not to attract, certain birds and critters.|
MF: You might want to. If you were concerned about four-legged livestock (squirrels, mice, skunks, etc.) you don't want a mix high in fillers like millet that will end up on the ground. You might want to use safflower, which I laughingly say is the equivalent of rice cakes. It's not very attractive to squirrels, for example.
MF: So, in addition to safflower you can be even more proactive. Cole's has a: "Hot Meats" blend (sunflower meats treated with liquid Habanero chili pepper and safflower oil) and "Blazing Hot" (four different seeds plus the liquid chili pepper and safflower oil). Don't feel bad for the squirrels. They will change where they dine after a bit of conditioning.
|Tasteless tufted titmouse|
MF: Birds don't have a sense of taste as humans do so they're completely unaffected.
Tony: What if your feeder has been up for a while and birds aren't coming to it?
MF: You may have predators (owls, hawks) in the area which makes for nervous dining. Is your feeder out in the middle of an open area? Birds like something close by the feeder where they can land, make sure things are safe in the area, and then fly the short distance to eat. Is the feeder dirty? Is the seed fresh and dry, or is it old and rancid?
|Make sure their plate is clean!|
MF (laughter dies down): I have to agree with you that it's not exactly a fun task, but a very necessary one. By the nature of the "residue" on a feeder washing with soap and water really isn't enough. It needs to be disinfected. Empty the feeder completely dislodging any old seed. Then immerse completely in a mixture of one part bleach to nine parts hot water. Let it soak for at least 3-4 minutes, using a long-handled brush if necessary.
Tony: Then rinse very, very thoroughly and let air dry completely before refilling.
MF: Yes. And the air dry part after many rinses is really important. Don't use a cloth where a fiber might snag and be left behind in the feeder. Why? It could absorb bleach and be toxic.
Tony: How often should this disinfecting be done, Mary Francis?
MF: Seed freshness and the possibility of disease transmission among birds are a function of how clean your feeder is. How much flight traffic do you have? How rainy and humid is it? As a general rule you should consider every 3-4 weeks.
Tony: I know people that are afraid birds won't survive if we feed them and then stop, or miss feeding for a while. Is that a valid concern?
MF: Birds are always going to take the safest, easiest food. But no, they don't become solely dependent on us to the point of not searching for food in Nature.
|A source of water is so important, especially in winter|
MF: That's an interesting question. I guess people need to understand that in certain weather water is even harder to come by than food. In winter the need for water is about drinking rather than bathing. That can be provided as simply as placing a plain saucer on the ground near cover.
Tony: What about it freezing quickly when it's so bitterly cold?
MF: Birdbath de-icers or heated bird baths are the solution for that.
Tony: Mary Francis, thank you for a quick four credit course in Bird Feeding 101. Or maybe that was grad level. You're awesome.